Décrivez les principales caractéristiques de la politique/mesure:
The National Policy "Cultura Viva" is a State policy managed by the National Secretariat for Creative Economy and Cultural Diversity of the Special Secretariat for Culture, in partnership with state and municipalities governments, as well as other civil society institutions (private institutions for-profit and cultural collectives) that articulate, train and foster cultural actions carried out in their communities, and come to be considered Culture Points or Big Culture Points (when they articulate several Points). This policy is based on community culture and manifests itself in different artistic and cultural languages and expressions. Its origin dates back to the Federal Constitution of 1988, which establishes the duty of the State (Public Power of all spheres) to guarantee the citizen the full exercise of cultural rights and access to sources of national culture, in addition to fostering, valuing, and encouraging production, dissemination, and circulation of knowledge, universal access to cultural goods and services and cooperation between federated entities, public and private agents active in the cultural area, among others (CF / 88, art. 216-A, § 1, items I to IV). And so, as a result of the development of the former Cultura Viva Program, created in 2004 by the then Ministry of Culture, the Cultura Viva State Policy was instituted, following the publication of Law no. 13.018, of 07/22/2014, regulated in 2016. It is the first community-based policy of the National Culture System and prioritizes people, groups, communities, and populations that are in a situation of social vulnerability, with reduced access to the means of production, registration, enjoyment, and diffusion of their culture. Implementation measures at the national level are carried out through public notices and tenders launched by the Union, states, Federal District and municipalities for actions to valorize Community-based Culture, such as: financial support to cultural agents, Culture Points and Big Culture Points, cultural exchange, cultural education/training, mapping/georeferencing, and monitoring, among others.
Site web de la politique/mesure, si possible:
Quels sont les résultats atteints jusqu’à présent grâce à la mise en œuvre de la politique/mesure ?:
Until 2018, 3,602 cultural entities and collectives, located in all 26 states and the Federal District, and in more than 1,200 municipalities in the country, were recognized as Points of Culture and mapped, under the "Cultura Viva" National Policy. In the 2016-2019 period, procedural and documentary improvement actions were implemented, based on ex post evaluations of public policy, such as: (i) implementation of the Cultura Viva Network Platform (2016), with the objective of registering, monitoring, mapping/georeferencing the Culture Points and Big Culture Points, and the Cultura Viva Network; (ii) definition of standardized documents for Work Plans for interfederative partnerships (agreements) and partnerships with Points and Big Culture Points (Terms of Cultural Commitment), with document review and annual update (2016-2020), in order to achieve greater success in planning and efficiency in the execution and accountability of cultural projects and partnerships of the National Policy; (iii) renegotiation of inter-federative partnerships of the Cultura Viva Policy, following the publication of Ordinance MinC no. 31, of 12/11/2018, to effectively make the agreements signed for the execution of Networks of Culture Points feasible; (iv) a study carried out by the Getulio Vargas Foundation on the "Cultura Viva" National Policy and its actions as a State Public Policy (2018-2019), aiming to promote governance, to monitor, and to propose improvements; (v) allocation of public resources in the Plurianual Plan (PPA), which establishes the guidelines, goals and targets of the Federal Government budget for the period 2016-2019, improving the budgetary and financial planning of the policy.
Ressources financières allouées à la politique/mesure en dollars américains:
US$ 17.167.507,98 (2018)
Partenaires engagés dans la mise en œuvre de la politique/mesure :
|Nom du partenaire||Type d'entité|
The Cultura Viva National Policy management is shared between the public administration and the civil society. It is decentralized to the states and municipalities, through inter-federative partnerships for the implementation of Culture Point Networks
Civil society carries out the monitoring of public policy in their territories.
Organisation de la société civile (OSC)
La mise en œuvre de la politique/mesure a-t-elle été évaluée ?:
Si oui, quelles sont les principales conclusions/recommandations ?:
According to the Governance, Monitoring and Proposition for Improvements of the Cultura Viva Policy (Culture Points and Big Points) Report, organized by the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (2018): “After the study, it was evident that the continuity of the existence of the Culture Points it is a sine qua non condition for strengthening cultural experiences, knowledge, and practices, democratizing access to goods and services, among other praxis. The partnerships format, however, must be redesigned, especially concerning accountability, to adapt to the reality of the Culture Points.” In turn, the Monitoring Report of the Cultura Viva National Policy, organized by the Secretariat of Cultural Diversity (2019), points out that: (i) the Work Plan for partnerships with federated entities and civil society organizations was standardized, aiming at better efficiency and good use of public resources by partners; (ii) the regional distribution of the funded partnership instruments is not equal, with greater concentration in the Southeast and Northeast regions. Currently, to reduce this regional difference, the management's priority is to apply regionalization criteria in the public notices, in compliance with the principle of isonomy; (iii) the type of instrument used and the actions contemplated must consider that the Culture Points Network agreements (partnership with federated entities) have their selection and financial support directed to Culture Points, which execute the Cultural Commitment Term for carrying out cultural projects in the local/regional community; (iv) the public benefit from the actions of the Culture Points, as well as the segments contemplated in the cultural area, may be better defined when the public consultation with local/regional communities, scheduled for 2020, is carried out.