The followings are some policies and measures concerning supporting and protecting women workers:
1. Law 13 of 2003 on Manpower Affairs;
2. Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Regulation 5 of 2015 on Provision of Gender Responsive Work Facilities and Child Care in the Workplace;
3. Policies and Strategies for Increasing Women Economic Productivity (PPEP);
4. Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Regulation 2 of 2016 on General Guidelines for the Development of Home Industry to Improve Family Welfare through Women Empowerment; and
5. Vital Voices Festival.
The government has always been committed to encouraging and protecting women in the workplace, including through the issuance of Law 13 of 2003 on Manpower Affairs and Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Regulation 5 of 2015 on Provision of Gender Responsive Work Facilities and Child Care at the Workplace. Both of these laws provide support for women, including:
1. Provision of menstrual leave and working time limits;
2. As a reference for government and private agencies in providing gender-responsive work facilities at the workplace;
3. Increased work productivity through the provision of gender-responsive work facilities and attention to the best interests of women in government and private agencies;
4. Government and private agencies must provide equal opportunities for every woman and man to carry out their duties, functions, rights and responsibilities to work following the legislative/statutory rules and regulations; and
5. Improving workplace facilities does not limit the work productivity of women and men to develop their potential without reducing work time following the legislative/statutory rules and regulations.
Kemen PPPA also has PPEP, which is a strategic program that is aimed to improve the quality of life and fulfilment of women economic rights through strengthening women economic productivity to reduce the burden of the health and education costs of low-income families. The general objective of PPEP is to achieve successful and independent Indonesian women in the economic field through the development of productive economic activities to support the creation of healthier and more prosperous living conditions of the family, community, and nation. In its implementation, PPEP is elaborated and focused on:
1. increasing the capacity of Indonesian women human resources in the economy sector so that they can increase their contribution and participation in the implementation of economic development and development in various other sectors of life;
2. expanding opportunities for women to develop their potential and improve their welfare through the development of productive economic activities; and
3. strengthening women bargaining position in accessing economic resources.
Policies related to Manpower and the Provision of Gender Responsive Work Facilities and Child Care in the Workplace are legal and institutional and have been implemented at the national level. Increasing work productivity through the provision of work facilities, including providing lactation room, daycare, health care facilities, and other supporting facilities that are gender-responsive is an obligation of the government or private institutions. The equal opportunities for men and women referred above, shall be given to women with the following criteria:
1. married women of childbearing age;
2. nursing mothers; and
3. mothers with under-five children.
The opportunities, as mentioned earlier, including giving time for women to express milk and giving exclusive breastfeeding at work.
PPEP, both financial and institutional, has been implemented at the national level. As a follow up, the Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Regulation 2 of 2016 on General Guidelines for the Development of Home Industry to Improve Family Welfare through Women Empowerment was issued. It aims to increase family income through home-based productive activities with the support of family members and develop creative industries which showcase women strength in home-based industries and encourage the strengthening of the home industry network.
General Guidelines for the Development of Home Industry to Improve Family Welfare Through Women Empowerment is a reference for the government, sub-national governments, and stakeholders in planning, implementing, and monitoring the development/growth of home industries. This measure encourages the implementation of a coordinated, effective and efficient home industry development so that the home industry is transformed into a small business and can be a source of income and increase income, family security, and sustainable living. Funding for the Development of Home Industry to Increase Family Welfare through Empowering Women is sourced from the State Budget, Regional Budget and other legitimate and non-binding sources following the legislative/statutory rules and regulations.
Specifically, the State Film Production Company (PFN) officially held Vital Voices Festival or Festival Perempuan Dalam Film (Women in Film Festival) to share knowledge to the public, especially to women, about employment and business opportunities in the film industry. Women in the workforce, especially in the cinema industry, among others, as scriptwriters, editors, lighting, cameraperson, and others, still face many challenges and obstacles. This festival also held training that helps improve women knowledge and expertise in the film industry. Besides the film industry, a knowledge transformation process is also provided in other fields, such as training to become a barista by a certified barista.
In general, policies and measures that support and protect women workers are intended to contribute to the following achievements of the National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of an Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1); and
2. Utilize advancement of culture objects improve people welfare (Agenda 4).
The percentage of women formal workers from 2015 - 2018 has an upward trend. In 2015, there were 37.78 percent of women formal workers, compared to 44.89 percent of men; in 2016, there were 38.16 percent of the women formal workers, compared to 44.89 percent of men; in 2017, there were 38.63 percent of women formal workers, compared to 45.66 percent of men; and in 2018, there were 38.20 percent of women formal workers, compared to 46.29 percent of men.
|Nom du partenaire|
State Film Production Company