Reorganization of institutional framework in the field of cultural and artistic creativity and the establishment of new institutions
Objectives of this measure were focused on two key aspects: the reorganization and development of existing national and municipal cultural institutions and creating new institutions. Regarding reorganization, the objectives are concentrated on obviation of shortcomings of the previous organizational models of institutions, improvement of managerial and governing as well as personnel structure, modernization and reconstruction of spatial and technical capacities. Regarding the creation of new institutions, the objective was to raise the qualitative and organizational level of functioning of certain cultural activities in accordance with the recognized needs and comparative international examples of institutional organizing.
Reorganization of existing national cultural institutions, implied chiefly the implementation of new models of management and governing defined by Law on culture from 2008, which, for the beginning, implied the adoption of founding acts and statutes of the institutions by the founder (state or municipalities). In order to carry out further steps in the contexts of the objective of this measure, Ministry of Culture issued Development strategy of public institutions from the sphere cultural and artistic creativity 2013-2018 which defined the courses of reorganization of national institutions through: their program specialization on the principles of sustainable development, strengthening of personnel, spatial and technical and technological capacities and providing the financing of the work of institutions, as well as other questions in order to improve overall potential of national institutions in the medium-term period. At the local level, this measure implied the obligation of municipalities to issue new founding acts and to name new management and governing bodies in accordance with Law on culture, and after that to reorganize the institutions in the sense that existing municipal institutions of culture with complex activities become separated into special institutions for cultural and artistic creativity and for cultural heritage (museums and libraries).
The establishment of new institutions meant two activities: the formation of new local institution Public institution ‘’Ratkovic ‘s Evenings of Poetry’’ in order to institutionalize the same manifestation of the national importance and to create preconditions for establishment of Film Center of Montenegro.
The expected result of this measure, regarding reorganization of existing public institutions is the establishment of efficient, rational, top-quality and highly professional model of internal organization and the functioning of institutions, so that in accordance with it redefinition of existing program profiling and bigger quantitative and qualitative contribution to contemporary Montenegrin artistic production. Also, the employment of new skilled personnel of specializing profile, the improvement of infrastructural conditions and technological and technical organization, stronger integration of creative endeavor of institutions into regional and European cultural networks, the continuity of existing sources of financing with tendency to increase their own income and use international funds, the increase in the number of consumers of cultural products, wider circle of artists and other actors who express and exchange creative potentials through institutional framework.
Finances designed for implementation of this measure at national level are provided within statutory rate of 2,5 % overall, which are allocated for the culture from the budget of Montenegro and at local level from the budgets of the municipalities in accordance with their financial possibilities. When it comes to cinematography the film fund is predicted as additional source, beside the rate mentioned.
Report on implementation National Program for Development of Cultur) 2011-2015, for 2015 noted that implantation of Law on Culture at national level was complete. On the other hand, by last report on implementation of Law on Culture at local level certain shifts was detected in relation to previous years, but tardiness of the municipalities regarding implementation of Law and reorganization of public institutions in accordance with standards established by that act is still obvious, and proper preconditions for continuous and consistent development of culture are not created.
UNESCO CDIS, conducted in 2015 in Montenegro, within “Policy and institutional framework for culture” gave a general review of the institutional framework. In that context, Montenegro accomplished the result 1/1 for sub-indicator of the institutional framework, which, as it was stated, points to the fact that coherent administrative and institutional framework exists, as well as high level of cultural decentralization and the mechanisms for creating favorable environments for emergence of dynamic cultural sectors and promotion of cultural vitality. Besides, certain number of jurisdictions in cultural sphere was decentralized and transferred to municipal bodies. However, the improvement of the framework can still be done, which refers to the implementation of Law on Culture at municipal level.