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Journée internationale pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe

13 Octobre

Les catastrophes provoquées par des risques naturels et technologiques touchent des millions de personnes chaque année dans le monde, mais une grande partie de leur impact peut être réduite par des mesures et une planification proactives. La Journée internationale de la prévention des catastrophes, qui a lieu chaque année le 13 octobre, célèbre la manière dont les personnes et les communautés du monde entier réduisent leur exposition aux catastrophes.
L'UNESCO s'est engagée dans un changement conceptuel qui consiste à passer de la réaction post-catastrophe à l'action pré-catastrophe et aide les pays à renforcer leurs capacités de gestion des risques de catastrophes et liées au climat.

En 2021, la Journée internationale pour la prévention des catastrophes se concentre sur « la coopération internationale pour les pays en développement afin de réduire leurs risques de catastrophe et les pertes dues aux catastrophes ». Elle mettra en lumière les meilleures pratiques et les exemples de coopération internationale qui ont un impact positif sur la vie des personnes qui vivent dans des régions du monde sujettes aux catastrophes, c'est-à-dire en réduisant le nombre de personnes touchées par les risques d'origine humaine et naturelle, conformément à la cible F du Cadre de Sendai pour la réduction des risques de catastrophes 2015-2030.

Bien qu'il soit impossible d'éliminer complètement les risques de catastrophe, les pays qui conçoivent des cadres politiques et législatifs et qui préparent leurs institutions conformément à l'objectif, aux cibles et aux priorités d'action du Cadre de Sendai, ont une plus grande capacité à gérer les risques de catastrophe et donc à réduire l'impact des catastrophes lorsqu'elles se produisent. Toutefois, une stratégie efficace de réduction des risques de catastrophes est complexe et nécessite, entre autres, des mécanismes de coordination efficaces entre les différents acteurs, une politique nationale globale, une collaboration et une contribution transdisciplinaires et multisectorielles.

Dans cette optique, et en maintenant l'accent de la Journée sur l'impact des catastrophes sur les communautés, les individus et les infrastructures, qui affectent profondément leur bien-être, le thème de cette année vise à faire passer le message que de nombreuses catastrophes peuvent être évitées ou prévenues s'il existe des stratégies de réduction des risques de catastrophes pour gérer et réduire les niveaux de risque existants et éviter la création de nouveaux risques. En bref, "une bonne gouvernance des risques de catastrophe".

Rejoignez la conversation avec les hashtags #OnlyTogether #DRRday et regardez ci-dessous ce que l'UNESCO a organisé pour la célébration de cette journée !

De nombreux Géoparcs mondiaux UNESCO organisent des évènements à travers le monde.

 

MESSAGE DE LA DIRECTRICE GÉNÉRALE

"L’UNESCO entreprend actuellement tout un ensemble d’actions et de projets – de l’organisation d’une série de dialogues ayant vocation à encourager le soutien aux PEID jusqu’au renforcement des capacités techniques des plus vulnérables pour lutter contre le changement climatique. L’aide de 9,9 millions de dollars mobilisée par le Fonds pour l’adaptation en faveur d’Haïti est un exemple, parmi d’autres, de nos réussites.
Nous pouvons faire plus et nous allons faire plus : nous le devons à tous ceux qui ont été frappés  par  des  catastrophes  dans  le  monde  entier  –  les  victimes  des  cyclones  et  des  inondations aux Fidji et au Timor-Leste, du tremblement de terre et de la tempête tropicale en Haïti, des éruptions volcaniques aux îles Canaries et à Saint-Vincent-et-les Grenadines, et bien d’autres.
Aujourd’hui,  rassemblons-nous  pour  aider  la  communauté  internationale  à  mettre  en  œuvre des stratégies de réduction des risques de catastrophe."

— Audrey Azoulay, Directrice générale de l'UNESCO, à l'occasion de la Journée internationale pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe

Les Géoparcs mondiaux UNESCO célébrent la réduction des risques de catastrophe - 2020

Les Géoparcs mondiaux UNESCO participent chaque jour à la réduction des risques de catastrophes et à la sensibilisation des populations locales. De nombreux sites désignés par l'UNESCO profitent cette Journée afin de sensibiliser les communautés locale et de leur donner des clés de prévention. La liste ci-dessous n'est pas exhaustive - vous pouvez profiter de cette journée pour visiter un Géoparc mondial UNESCO près de chez vous

Voir également:

Photo: © UNESCO / Colca y Volcanes de Andagua UNESCO Global Geopark

Croatia | France | Italy | Japan | Spain | Turkey

 

VIS ARCHIPELAGO UNESCO Global Geopark (Croatia)

event title: International Day for the Disaster Risk Reduction
date: 13th October 21
place: Island of Vis (cities Vis and Komiža)
type of activity: workshops and demonstration  
target group: elementary school children (grade 1-4), highschool children

short description: in the light of recent events in Croatia regarding frequent earthquakes and constant fire hazard on the remote islands, especially during summer season, Geopark Vis Archipelago decided to join celebration of International Day for the Disaster Risk Reduction, and will, in cooperation with Croatian Mountain Rescue Service and Association of Voluntary Firefighters, organize 3 workshop adapted for children and youth. Our colleagues from Rescue Service and Firefighters will give a short lecture on potential disaster in Geopark Vis Archipelago, demonstrate the actions they take and enable children to participate through workshops. Workshops of this type allow children to learn the necessary skills in case of disasters, help them understand the processes and make them more prepared in times of crisis.

CHABLAIS UNESCO Global Geopark (France)

events title: What drama is Nature preparing for us?
dates: from 2nd October 2021 to 10th October 2021
For full programme details please consult the agenda

2nd October 2021
place: Saint Jean d‘Alps  and Plateau de Gavot
type of activity: fieldtrips
target group: general public
short description:
1) mountain walk to discover the landslide of Saint Jean d’Alps, led by the official UNESCO Global Geopark guidean intervention to better know the exposure to the natural hazards in our Geopark;
2) walk around the Plateau de Gavot and the landslide of Feternes, led by the official UNESCO Global Geopark guides

2nd October 2021
place: Yvoire
type of activity: escape game
target group: children
short description: “free Panic at Yvoire library!“ escape Game

2nd – 9th October 2021
place: Thonon les Bains
type of activity: free temporary exhibition
target group: general public
short description: free temporary exhibition at the library in Thonon les Bains concerning the geological formation of the region and its unique character

3rd October 2021
place: Brevon Valley
type of activity: fieldtrip
target group: general public
short description: discovery of the natural risks of the Brevon Valley! A partner site of the Chablais UGGp

3rd, 6th and 10th October 2021
place: Chatel library
type of activity: escape game
target group: children
short description: “A lone group of survivors at Chatel library must save humanity! A partner site of the Chablais UGGp

6th October 2021
place: Morzine library
type of activity: escape game
target group: children
short description: “A lone group of survivors at Morzine library must save humanity! A partner site of the Chablais UGGp

8th October 2021
type of activity: free public talk
target group: general public
short description: a social science approach to the evolution of risk management: the role of the state and the acceptance of the municipalities – the example of Vailly by P Pigeon, University of Savoie Mont Blanc

9th October 2021
place: Museum of Prehistory and Geology, Sciez
type of activity: temporary exhibition
target group: general public
short description: temporary exhibition „Catastophy“: discover the geohazards of the Chablais at the Museum of Prehistory and Geology, Sciez, a partner of the Chablais UGGp

10th October 2021
place: Abondance Valley
type of activity: fieldtrip
target group: general public
short description: natural hazards in the Abondance Valley, led by the official UNSECO Global Geopark guides

10th October 2021
place: Science Village
type of activity: workshops and stands
target group: adults and children
short description: adults and children are welcome to observe, experiment, question and discuss in order to understand the natural risks present in the region. Workshops and stands proposed by the Chablais UNESCO Global Geopark and risk professionals from around the Auvergne Rhone Alpes Region guides 

MASSIF DE BAUGES UNESCO Global Geopark (France)

date : Wednesday 13 October 18h30

place: House the Parc-Geopark Le Chatelard 
type of activity: conference
target group: general public  and free entry

title : Water in the Bauges, a limited resource? 
description : If the fountains of our villages seem eternal, their future nevertheless questions the nature and the sustainability of the water resource. From a richly illustrated presentation on the nature and geological history of the Alps and the Massif des Bauges, UNESCO Global Geopark, we will come to characterize the various resources and reservoirs in our region, to appreciate their importance and their vulnerabilities. Between glaciers, lakes, alluvial plains and Karst, a journey through time and in the space of our mountains to reflect on and prepare for the accelerating climate change.

As part of the French science festival

APUAN ALPS UNESCO Global Geopark (Italy)

event title: The 1920 earthquake: visions and memories of the destroyed areas in Garfagnana and Lunigiana
date: 16th October 2021
place: San Giovanni Museum Hall in Fivizzano
type of activity: book presentation
target group: local communities, Geoparks Guides, stakeholders, students and teachers
short description: the Apuan Alps UGGp organizes the presentation of a book with memories and images of the strong earthquake that affected the areas of Garfagnana and Lunigiana.
The event aims to spread knowledge about this earthquake with the main goal to inform, raise awareness and prepare people for a more effective response during the extreme events.

event title: First aid in mountain areas during extreme events
date: 17th October 2021
place: Colonnata, Carrara
type of activity: first aid practical training
target group: local communities, Geopark Guides, stakeholders
short description: the Apuan Alps UNESCO Global Geopark organizes in collaboration with National Alpine Club and Cave Rescue Service an educational program with a practical lesson and a first aid practical training. The main aim of the activity is to raise awareness, to inform and prepare people for a more effective response during the extreme events in mountain areas.

BEIGUA UNESCO Global Geopark (Italy)

event title: Firefighting goes to school!
date: 13th October 2021
place: Arenzano
type of activity: school workshop
target group: schools
short description:  to celebrate  the International Day on Disaster Risk Reduction geopark guides and Arenzano’s firefighting volunteers will enter in the classroom to raise awareness of natural hazards and show children the tools that are used during forest firefighting maneuvers. The fire-fighting vehicle will be parked in the schoolyard so children can get on board!

event title: The Game of instability
date: 16th October 2021
place: House of the Park, Sassello
type of activity: educational workshop
target group: children (6-11 years old) – Junior Geoparkers
short description:  Saturday it's the turn of the Junior Geoparkers! Through "the game of instability" we will talk about floods and landslides, a very topical issue that has directly touched the town of Sassello in recent days. With the children we will reason about the behaviors to keep during storms.

CILENTO, VALLO DI DIANO AND ALBURNI UNESCO Global Geopark (Italy)

event title: At natural hazards school
date: 13th October 2021
place: Geopark museum
type of activity: dissemination
target group: young people
short description: the event includes a lesson in the museum about the geo-risks and climate change. The aim is to introduce students to geological hazards and how to prevent them.

MADONIE UNESCO Global Geopark (Italy)

event title: Summer 2021 fires in the Madonie Park, prevention measures, monitoring and restoration of the sites. (event within the two days organized by the CAI)
date: 16th October 2021
place: Palazzo Pucci Martinez Petralia Sottana (Palermo), seat of the Madonie Geopark
type of activity: conference and excursion
target group: open to the public according to Anticovid regulations. However, there will be members of the regional and national CAI, representatives of other protected areas including other Italian Geoparks also belonging to the Medimont network, representatives of Federparchi, Director of the Civic Museum and civil and military authorities. It will also be streamed
short description: the event includes two days of which the first, at the Madonie Geopark headquarters, will mainly deal with biodiversity along the Italy CAI path, the geosites present and the actions to enhance and defend it. During the conference, an intervention by the Madonie Geopark on the IDDRR world day and in particular on the fires that affected the Madonie this summer is expected

POLLINO UNESCO Global Geopark (Italy)

event title: Presentation guide geo-route named “On the trail of the Pollino Line”
date: 13th October 2021
place: Geopark visitor centre
type of activity: conference
target group: local community, Geoparks Guides, stakeholders, students and teachers
short description: one of the strategic actions put in place by the Pollino Geopark staff has been the realization of explanatory signage in highly representative sites from both the structural and geomorphological points of view. The geological interpretation and tectonic history of the whole area, such as length, kinematics and seismotectonics of the regional fault system, recognized, in the international geological literature, as the “Pollino Line”, has been provided in some geological viewpoints distributed along a km scale route.
In this way the Geopark set up a geo-route named “On the trail of the Pollino Line”, where the tourists can appreciate the information panels installed, explaining the geological, geomorphological, and tectonic processes that have determined the creation of the present-day structure and landscape.

ASO UNESCO Global Geopark (Japan)

event title : Join our Mitigation Program  

date : Wednesday 13 October 18h30

place:  Oguni Town in Aso UNESCO Global Geopark 
type of activity: lecture
target group: general public  and free entry
A major earthquake disaster occurred in the Aso Geopark in 2016. However, we accept it as one of the activities of the earth, and we are transmitting not only the tragedy but also living in it as an educational trip. Please join our program! Activities will include three topics: Education Program for Disaster risk Reduction, Climate Emergency Declaration, Education for Sustainable Development

TOYA-USU UNESCO Global Geopark (Japan)

event title : Certification examination of the Toya-Usu Volcano Meister  

date : Saturday 6 November 2021

place:  Mount Usu (Toya-Usu Unesco Global Geopark)
type of activity: Certification examination of the Toya-Usu Volcano Meister
target group: general public  and free entry
The UNESCO Global Geopark certifies local residents as “Volcano Meisters” those who have learned the nature and characteristics of Lake Toya and the Usu Volcano area and pass on both the memories and experiences of eruptions and the wisdom to mitigate a disaster to the next generation in and outside the community. They are resilience promoters. Certification examination of the Toya-Usu Volcano Meister have taken place once a year in middle of October. In 2021, The 14th exam will be held on in November due to the pandemic of Covid 19.

IZU Peninsula UNESCO Global Geopark  (Japan)

event title : Past tsunami evidence and  raising awareness for the future

date : Wednesday 13 October 2021
place:  Izu Peninsula UNESCO Global Geopark Exhibition “AmaGEO”
type of activity: Exhibition
target group: general public  and free entry

As a Global Geopark in one of the most earthquake-prone regions on the earth, promoting research on natural disasters is our prime concern. In this regard, Izu UGGp introduces a research project titled “Tracing a millenary history of major natural disasters in Izu peninsula west coast- A chronological study on lake deposits of Myojin Lake in Ida, Izu Peninsula”.  This project chiefly aimed at revisiting the history of tsunami in the Peninsula where the gigantic earthquakes had repeatedly occurred. It could successfully present scientific evidence of the past catastrophic events which would allegedly take place.  In view of UNESCO Global Geopark mission to liaise academia and the general public, site managers offer a special exhibition to present the findings. ‘AmaGEO’, the research hub of the Global Geopark, served as its venue. The exhibition mirrors Geoparks’ tireless efforts to renew awareness among the residents of the peninsula where the next calamity might come anytime in future.

ORIGENS UNESCO Global Geopark (Spain)

event title: Coexistence with moving slopes
date: 10th October 2021
place: Guardia de Noguera
type of activity: fieldtrip
target group: general public
short description: fieldtrip from Guardia de Noguera to Mur Castle with diferent stops to recognize the behaviour of Geological hazards in this area

event title: New digital tools applied to the study rock fall hazard
date: 14th October 2021
place: online
type of activity: symposium
target group: general public
short description:  three presentatiots on the study of the risk of rock falls using new tools, such as laser scanner technologies and digital photogrammetry from terrestrial or airborne platforms. The talks will explore (1) the use of high-definition 3D models of the terrain to explore new ways of visualizing and communicating rock fall data; (2) the study case of the Puigcercós landslide escarpment monitoring experiment in Origens Geopark and; (3) the applications of research on rock fall blocks trajectories using drones and simulations on the MA-10 road in Mallorca

SIERRA SUBBETICAS UNESCO Global Geopark (Spain)

event title: Together against fire
date: 13th October, 2021
place: Centre of Forest Defense – CEDEFO (Carcabuey)
type of activity: awareness session on forest fire prevention
target group: general public and forest land owners
short description: Due to the rise of forest fires and their burning potential, the affected surface in our region has increased. Sensitization activities are now more necessary than ever. This session will focus on the regional fire prevention plan, which includes prevention works in public forests, and prevention through information meetings on the regulations with respect to building and infrastructures autoprotection plans. Fire extinguishment and restoration works will also be exposed, as well as sensitization campaigns aimed at general population and scholar groups

SOBRARBE-PIRINEOS UNESCO Global Geopark (Spain)

event title: La Fiesta de los Glaciares (Glacier fest)
date: from 25th September to 7th October 2021
place: Bielsa and Chistau valleys
type of activity: guided mountain walks and educational activities
target group: general public and pupils aged 10-12 years old
short description: There will be two hikes one to Lardana glacier in order to appreciate and enjoy not only the ice but also all the features shaped by the glacier since the Little Ice Age. Other in Estiva and Bielsa valle to see Monte Perdido glacier and understand the main geoforms of the landscape made by the Cinca glacier over the last 65000 years. Finally, there will be a fieldtrip with the pupils of all the schools of the valleys that currently host active glaciers in our Geopark. In all the activities there will be awarening activities about climate changes and global warming.

KULA-SALIHLI UNESCO Global Geopark (Turkey)

event title: Global Climate Change and its catastrophic effects
date: 13th October 2021
place: Mersinli Şehit Ahmet Uludağ Primary School
type of activity: educational activities
target group: primary school students
short description: within the context of the education, it will be given information about the climate change to students by showing examples from the geopark. Especially it will be highlighted its catastrophic effects and how to stop or reduce these effects.