Construire la paix dans l’esprit
des hommes et des femmes

Journée internationale de la prévention des catastrophes

13 Octobre

Les catastrophes induites par les aléas naturels et technologiques touchent des millions de personnes chaque année à travers le monde, mais leurs impacts peuvent être atténués par le biais d'efforts systématiques d'analyse, de planification et de maîtrise des facteurs à l'origine des catastrophes. La Journée internationale de la prévention des catastrophes, qui se tient chaque année le 13 octobre, mets en avant les actions de prévention mises en oeuvre par les communautés du monde entier.
L'UNESCO s'engage dans un changement de paradigme visant à délaisser les politiques réactives en faveur d'actions préventives pour la gestion des catastrophes, en aidant les pays à renforcer leurs capacités dans la gestion des risques de catastrophe et des risques climatiques.

Le thème de cette année est : « Réduire nettement, d’ici à 2030, la perturbation des services de base et les dommages causés par les catastrophes aux infrastructures essentielles, y compris les établissements de santé ou d’enseignement, notamment en renforçant leur résilience ».
De nombreuses catastrophes peuvent être évitées en adoptant une approche tenant compte du risque dans la construction et l'entretien des infrastructures essentielles. Cela permet d'éviter de créer de nouveaux risques et de garantir que les infrastructures essentielles continuent de fonctionner pendant et après une catastrophe. Compte tenu du nombre élevé de victimes, notamment lors de tremblements de terre et de tsunamis, il est essentiel de veiller à ce que les écoles et les hôpitaux soient construits pour durer en veillant à ce que les règlements d'urbanisme et les codes du bâtiment appropriés à l'emplacement et aux risques soient appliqués.

Participez à la conversation avec les hashtags #BuildToLast #DRRday

MESSAGE DE LA DIRECTRICE GÉNÉRALE

"L’atténuation des effets provoqués par les catastrophes ainsi que les investissements réalisés dans les actions préventives ont un impact positif sur les économies, que ce soit à l’échelle locale, nationale ou mondiale. Unissons donc nos forces pour soutenir les États membres dans la mise en œuvre de cette stratégie."

— Audrey Azoulay, Directrice générale de l'UNESCO,à l'occasion de la Journée internationale de la prévention des catastrophes 2019

Les Géoparcs mondiaux UNESCO célébrent la réduction des risques de catastrophe - 2018

Les Géoparce mondiaux UNESCO participent chaque jour à la réduction des risques de catastrophes et à la sensibilisation des populations locales. De nombreux sites désignés par l'UNESCO profitent cette Journée afin de sensibiliser les communautés locale et de leur donner des clés de prévention. La list ci-dessous n'est pas exhaustive - vous pouvez profiter de cette journée pour visiter un Géoparc mondial UNESCO près de chez vous

See events in: France| Germany | Greece Italy | Portugal | Spain | 

MASSIF DE BAUGES UNESCO Global Geopark (FRANCE)

  • event title: International Day for Disaster Reduction
  • dates: 11th October 2019 
  • place: Maison du Parc 73630 Le Châtelard
  • type of Activity: conference 
  • target group: general public
  • short description: an intervention to better know the forest and its role of protection of the goods and the populations within the framework of the exposure to the natural hazards


BERGSTRASSE-ODENWALD UNESCO Global Geopark (GERMANY)

  • event title: Geo-workshops with the Geopark Rangers at UNESCO WHS Messel Pit
  • dates: 27th October 2019 
  • place: Bergstrasse-Odenwald UNESCO Global Geopark in cooperation with UNESCO WHS Messel Pit
  • type of Activity: Geo-workshop with the Geopark Rangers - volcanism
  • target group: Kids from 6 – 14 years
  • short description: Overview of different rock types, how do volcanic rocks look like, how is Messel Pit connected with volcanism? A researcher trip into the pit will show the volcanic history, which has created the Messel lake with its oil shales and unique fossils. After the trip the kids build together a little volcano.


LESVOS ISLAND UNESCO Global Geopark (GREECE)

  • event title: Natural processes in our Planet. Let’s familiarize ourselves with the earthquakes
  • dates: 7 - 20 October 2019 
  • place: Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest (Sigri, Lesvos Island, Greece)
  • type of activity: Experiential educational program and simulation of major earthquakes at the earthquake simulator
  • target group: School students
  • short description: Lesvos Island UNESCO Global Geopark participates in the activities organized on the occasion of the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction and launches from 7th to 20th of October 2019 the experiential educational program “Natural processes in our Planet. Let’s familiarize ourselves with the earthquakes”. The aim of this educational program is to raise awareness, to inform and prepare for the case of an earthquake and to familiarize with the protection measures. The main aim of the activity is to understand that we should not forget that the more prepared we are in anti-seismic protection issues, the more effectively we can deal with the effects of an earthquake.
  • During the educational program will be organized the experiential educational activity of simulating large and destructive earthquakes occurred in several places around the world in the earthquake simulator of the Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest and the implementation of the protection measures. The experience of the seismic motion on the earthquake simulator and the familiarization with the earthquake phenomenon contributes to the elimination of the panic and the awareness of the need for proper preparation in order to deal with the seismic hazard.

PSILORITIS UNESCO Global Geopark (Greece)

  • event title: Come at NHMC to discuss about climate change
  • dates: 15th October, 2019
  • place: Rural Heritage Hub at Natural History Museum of Crete
  • type of activity: Open discussion with the general public
  • target group: Children, adults, teachers, students
  • short description: Under the activities of Rural Heritage Hub that operates at NHMC under RURITAGE project, an open  discussion will take place with the participation of Dr C. Fassoulas from NHMC-Psiloritis UGGp who is going to talk about "Climate changes in geological past and present" and Dr Theodore Gianaros from National Observatory of Athens about "Risk Mitigation at a changing climate", followed by extensive discussion with participants.


APUAN ALPS UNESCO Global Geopark (ITALY)

  • event title: Search & Rescue
  • dates: 13th October 2019 
  • place: Vinca di Fivizzano and Capanna Garnerone
  • type of activity: technical drill of recovery
  • target group: local community
  • short description: the Apuan Alps UNESCO Global Geopark organizes in collaboration with National Alpine and Cave Rescue Service an educational program with a practical lesson and a technical drill of recovery. The main aim of the activity is to raise awareness, to inform and prepare people for more effective response during extreme events.

BEIGUA UNESCO Global Geopark (ITALY)

  • event title: Junior Geoparkers: the game of disruption
  • dates: 13th October 2019 
  • place: Information Point of the Geopark at Pratorotondo (Genova)
  • type of activity: workshop and field trip
  • target group: kids
  • short description: we will play together "the game of disruption", a didactic activity to learn how to behave in case of floods, hydrogeological instability, and forest fires and thus grow more aware and responsible.

CILENTO, VALLO DI DIANO ED ALBURNI UNESCO Global Geopark (ITALY)

  • event title: Geoparks and awareness of geological risk
  • dates: 13th October 2019 
  • place: Museum of Geo-Biodiversity in Vallo della Lucania (SA)
  • type of Activity: Dissemination of knowledge 
  • target group: student and local community
  • short description: The activity concerned the presentation of several type of geohazards and how the institution creates a sustainable use of resources. We also show the territory of the Geopark through the multimedia museum.

MADONIE UNESCO Global Geopark (ITALY)

  • event title: The Earth seen by a professional: at school with the geologist - 3rd edition
  • dates: 18th October, 2019
  • place: Higher Secondary Education Institute - "G. Salerno" Scientific High School - Gangi (Palermo)
  • type of activity: A day dedicated to information and awareness-raising in schools about the potential natural hazards in the area of the Geopark, associated risks, and how they can protect themselves, to minimize the risks of disasters.
  • target group: about 200/250 high school students 
  • short description: The initiative promoted by the National Council of Geologists in collaboration with the Regional Orders of Geologists with the support of the Department Civil Protection Department intends to:
  • - spread the geological culture in young people as a necessary element for safeguarding the territory and the environment;
  • - spread a scientific culture for greater awareness of natural risks and provide information on correct behavior for a conscious and resilient population, as well as on the civil protection system within which citizens also converge. 
  • For this purpose, experts in the field will discuss the following topics:
  • - presentation and illustration of the nature trails and geological sites of the Madonie Geopark,
  • - the role of the geologist in planning, design, risk mitigation, etc .;
  • - definition of danger and risk, natural risks, the civil protection system;
  • - correct behavior in the event of natural disasters.
  • Finally, ample space will be left for debate and questions from students and teachers.

POLLINO UNESCO Global Geopark (ITALY)

  • event title: Earthquake risk perception in Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark (Italy)
  • dates: 12th -13th October, 2019
  • place: Ecomuseum of the Park – Rotonda (PZ)
  • type of activity: Educational activity
  • target group: Visitors of the Ecomuseum
  • short description: Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark on 12th and 13th October continues the educational activity about the seismic risk present in the territory. This activity started with the installation of some panels explaining the Pollino Line (the fault system, that is the primary responsible of the seismotectonic activity of the area) and will continues in the schools in order to improve the consciousness of the natural risks and to communicate to the populations and to the institutions the good actions of prevention.


AZORES UNESCO Global Geopark (PORTUGAL)

  • Event title: Quiz “Natural hazards: preparedness measures, prevention and self-protection.”
  • Date: 13th October 
  • Place: Azores UNESCO Global Geopark Facebook page
  • Type of activity: Quiz online
  • Target group: General public
  • Short description: This Quiz aims to promote global awareness of natural risks, prevention and mitigation measures, contributing to creating a more capable society to face it. 
  • The Quiz consists of sharing questions on the Azores UNESCO Global Geopark Facebook page. The first contestant who answers correctly the questions in one only comment will be the winner.  


BASQUE COAST UNESCO Global Geopark (SPAIN)

  • event title: Work shop on trees
  • dates: 13th October 2019 
  • place: Basque Coast Geopark, Izarraitz Natura 2000 area 
  • type of Activity: workshop and field trip
  • target group: families
  • short description: Basque Coast UGG is organizing a workshop and a field trip for families on how to identify native tree species through their leaves, to raise awareness about the importance of forests in facing climate change.

CONCA DE TREMP - MONTSEC UNESCO Global Geopark (SPAIN)

  • event title: Storm in October, be careful with the flood
  • dates: 13th October, 2019
  • place: La Pobla de Segur – Lleida 
  • type of activity: Interpretative tour with a geologist guide
  • target group: General public
  • short description: We are going to talk about the geohazards, specifically, on this occasion, we focus on the floods. We will see the interactions of the river Noguera Pallaresa, the river Flamisell and the delta in Sant Antoni lake.
     

SIERRAS SUBBÉTICAS UNESCO Global Geopark (SPAIN)

  • event title: Awareness raising for forest fire prevention
  • dates: 11th and 18th October, 2019
  • place: Primary School Blas Infante, Rute (11th, October) and Primary School Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Luque (18th, October)
  • type of activity: Sensitization talk, video projection and fire truck exhibition (2h in total)
  • target group: Primary school pupils
  • short description: Crew from the Andalusian plan for the prevention and extinction of forest fires (INFOCA) will develop an awareness raising activity in two Primary Schools located within Sierras Subbéticas UNESCO Global Geopark. This will consist of a general talk to pupils, the screening of a video on good practices and forest fire prevention and a final exhibition with a fire truck.

SOBRARBE-PIRINEOS UNESCO Global Geopark (SPAIN)

  • event title: “Natural risks. Geology alive”
  • dates: 18, 19 and 20 of October
  • place: Boltaña (Huesca, Spain)
  • type of activity: Seminar including workshops, field trips and talks
  • target group: general public
  • short description: The annual seminar of Sobrarbe-Pirineos UGGp will be devoted this year to Natural risks. All the main kinds that are active in our mountains will be explained: snow avalanches, landslides, earthquakes and floods. Equally, the role of the geologist in the emergences, how the media deal with the information and the links between active processes and geological heritage will be analyzed. A workshop about earthquakes and a fieldtrip to learn about large mass movements and avalanches will complete the scheduled activities.