For the preparation of this Report, by Order of Her Excellency the Minister of Culture and Tourism, Mozambique was represented in a capacity building in Pretoria - RSA, where in addition to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the National Commission for UNESCO - CNUM - MOZNATCOM and the Mozambican Association of Authors - SOMAS, representing Civil Society, were also members. For the process of preparing the Report, a Commission was set up which included representatives of related public institutions; the private sector and civil society organisations.
For the production of the Quadrienal Periodic Report, the Commission not only had access to the legal framework, but also to the main policies, strategies and programmes in the field of Culture. Related areas such as information, communication, industry and commerce, labour and employment, as well as youth, which served as a complement for the improvement of the transversal matters of the 2005 Convention.
The Commission also consulted data from other public bodies implementing activities in the Cultural and Creative sector, diverse literature and reports produced between 2007 and 2019.
Reports on several events held in Mozambiquem, such as the 2nd National Conference on Culture, the Forum on Cultural Industries and Creative Economy, internationals fora, meetings of Arts and Culture Council, seminars and workshops organised both by the the Ministry responsible for Culture and civil society, cultural associations and groups had a valuable contribution to the Quadrienal Periodic Report.
A meeting was held to present the terms of reference of the report to the constituted Commission, which created space for public debate on the proposed Regular Report, thus welcoming contributions to its improvement and perfection.
In gratitude for a deferred bonus by UNESCO in Paris, in favour of the States that submit their Reports for the first time, the contents of this Quadrienal Periodic Report 2015-2019, cover the period from October 2007, when the Republic of Mozambique ratified the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.
When the Government of the Republic of Mozambique ratified the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions in October 2007, the Ministry superintending Culture adopted two-year Action Plans for its implementation.
Actions have implemented aimed at strengthening institutional capacity in the field of the protection and promotion of copyright and related rights. The main purpose in order to combat the counterfeiting of phonograms and videograms; implementing legal measures for the production, importation and commercialisation of phonograms; establishing procedures for the licensing and performance of performances, public entertainment, the operation of public performance venues; and the participation of civil society in the collective management of copyright.
With regard to the mobility of artists, seven National Festivals of Culture held every two years, provincial and municipal festivals every year and international festivals. The national festival, the provincial and municipal festivals were organised by the Government and municipal authorities, while the others were organised by show promoters, with a total of 412 in the whole territory, with the participation of 16,363 national and foreign artists and attended by 162,544,378 spectators.
With regard to support for artistic initiatives and events that favour social and cultural integration, and the empowerment and consolidation of artistic and cultural associations at national level, the Fund for Artistic and Cultural Development (FUNDAC) covered, between 2013 and 2015, 469 projects totalling 80,700. 000.00 Mts (eighty million and seven hundred thousand Meticais), applied in the areas of Plastic Arts, Handicraft, Cinema, Dance, Theatre, Musical Shows, Photography, Literature, Fashion, initiatives and events commemorating historical-cultural dates, research and production of documents for the valorisation of historical and heroic achievements in the National Liberation Struggle, Design, Discographic Production and the Training of Artists.
In the field of cultural institutions and infrastructure development, two public higher education institutions were created, namely the School of Communication and Art (ECA) and the Higher Institute of Arts and Culture (ISArC), to train young Mozambicans and provide the culture sector with qualified professionals.
The transversal dimension of culture and socio-cultural research have contributed to the civic education and awareness of Mozambican society on the phenomena that influence the dynamics of the country's development processes, such as the emancipation of Mozambican women and the role they play in society, the education of girls, peace, democracy and human rights.
As a prospect, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism intends to consolidate the progress achieved, conclude the actions currently underway and implement new projects and programmes.
Therefore, by 2023/24, the Ministry will undetakes actions with a view:
(i) To increase the dissemination of the Convention;
(ii) To implement the Cultural and Creative Industries Policy and its Implementation Strategy;
(iii) To requalify the Provincial and District Houses of Culture;
(iv) To train and capacitate the makers and professionals of the cultural and creative sector;
(v) To establish a capital agency mechanism to encourage the private sector to invest in the development of arts, culture and creativity as well as its active participation in the country's economy;
(vi) To improve the legal framework concerning copyright and related rights, registration and licensing of users of authors' works;
(vii) To promote the registration of creators, artists, producers and professionals in the cultural and creative sector at the National Institute of Social Security
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Ministry of Culture and Tourism
Ministry of Education and Human Development
Ministry of Labour and Socal Affairs
GABINFO - Bureau of Information
Mozambique National Comisson for UNESCO - MONATCOM
ICS - Social Communication Institute
CTA – Confederation of Economic Associations of Mozambique
CEDARTE – Centre for the Development of Craftsmanship
SOMAS – Mozambican Society of Authors
Objectif 1 - Soutenir des systèmes de gouvernance durable de la culture
Secteurs culturels et créatifs
Law n. 04/2001, of February 27th - Copyright and Related Rights Law
Artists, creators, producers and their produts and services registered at SOMAS are protected in andouside the country.
Institutional weakensss for coordenation and implementation of measures to combatcouterfeiting phonograms and videograms as well as seizure ansd destruction counterfeited goods
Weak ownership of the law by artists, creators, producers, especially with regards to its membership . Membership is made only by musicians.
the law needs to be reviewed for better challenging the actual demand of cultural and creative sector as well as of tthe digital letracy.
Diversité des médias
Law n. 18/91, of 10 August - Press Law
Need to define quotas for production or distribution of national cultural programmes in public and private broadcasting
Law No. 03/2017 of 9 January - Regulates Electronic Transactions, Electronic Commerce and Electronic Government; Guarantees the Security of Suppliers and Users of Communication and Information Technologies
There is a need of measures and customs facilities to promote investiments on this domain.
Digital Literacy is crucial need in the country where 72% of eonomically active population are adolescent and young people.
Partenariat avec la société civile
Resolution no. 34/2016, adopts the Policy on Cultural and Creative Industries
Objectif 2 - Parvenir à un échange équilibré de biens et services culturels et accroïtre la mobilité des artistes et des professionnels de la culture
Mobilité des artistes et des professionnels de la culture
Resolution nº 12/97 - Cultutal Policy and strategy for its implementation
Growth in the export of cultural products and internationalisation of Mozambican arts and cultures
Échange des biens et services culturels
CPLP Multilateral Cultural Cooperation Strategic Plan
There is need of setting up a CPLP Observatory of Cultural Policies.
Running un Digital Literacy.
Traités et accords
SADC Protocol on Culture, Information and Sports
In 2014, Minister of Culture met in Maputo - Mozambique, and note with concern that arts and culture did not fully play their role in the process of reintegration and development in SADC. The Ministers recommended that a coordinating unit for culture affairs as wellas the Committee of ministers of Culture be established in the Executive Secretariat.
Only then will cooperation and cultural exchanges be resumed, allowing artists, creators, cultural entrepreneurs, critics and personalities linked to arts and culture to particiapete in the construction of the Community.
Objectif 3 - Inclure la culture dans les cadres de développement durable
Politiques et plans nationaux de développement durable
Quinquennial Government Programme: 2005-2009; 2010-2014 e 2015-2019
? Increased participation of young people and women in the creative sector, with a partly dominant tendency for men to be involved.
? Financial deficit to fully meet the demand of the growing trend of entrepreneurship
? Strengthen subsidised lines of funding and other tax incentives to encourage the participation of young people and specifically women in the cultural and creative sector
? Carry out socio-cultural studies that present recommendations that influence the involvement of women in the cultural and creative sector
Coopération internationale pour le développement durable
Objectif 4 - Promouvoir les droits de l’homme et les libertés fondamentales
Égalité des genres
National Programme for the Training of Women and People with Disabilities in Market Prospecting, introduced in 2012 with the aim of integrating women and people with physical disabilities in terms of creation, production, marketing and their participation
? Strengthening women's capacity through the creation of cultural associations and cooperatives;
? Valuing the living conditions of women and persons with disabilities through the creation and generation of income for families;
? Growth of women's skills in management and entrepreneurship.
? Need to further develop specific policies that encourage women's involvement in entrepreneurship in the cultural and creative sector.
Law nr. 34/2014, of 31 December, Law on the Right to Information; Law nr. 2007, of 16 January
Artis and creators paly a fundamental role due to the message they transmit to influence communities to protect their rights, fundamentals freedom and develop citzenship values.