On May 15, 2017, the CRTC renewed the licences for the television services of large English-language and French-language ownership groups. These large ownership groups share over 90% of English- and French-language tuning and of television revenues.
In those decisions, the CRTC implemented a measure to encourage the reflection of Indigenous peoples and official language minority communities (OLMCs).
For any productions produced by Indigenous producers or by producers from OLMCs, the large ownership groups were given a credit related to their Canadian programming expenditure (CPE) requirements. CPEs are requirements that the CRTC imposes to ensure that broadcasters broadcast quality television content produced by Canadians. In granting a credit to broadcasters for programming produced by these producers, the CRTC created an incentive to have Indigenous peoples and OLMCs better reflected on-screen.
This incentive has since been officially added to the licence conditions of all television licence holders.
On August 29, 2019, the CRTC published an Information Bulletin requiring that large English-language and French-language ownership groups file a production report. The first report was submitted on February 29, 2020, and all subsequent reports must be submitted before November 30 each year.
The large ownership groups must submit information on their programming expenditures and other original, first-run programming, including content produced by OLMC and Indigenous producers.
Each broadcaster must, as a condition of its licence, spend a certain percentage of the previous year's gross revenues on the acquisition or creation of Canadian programming to contribute to the development of programming and support for Canadian creators. These percentages are predetermined by the CRTC at the time of each licence renewal. The incentives are part of a broadcaster's Canadian programming expenditure obligations.
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All broadcasters that hold a broadcasting licence.