The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda 1995 under National Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy, in objective XXIV. Cultural objectives, provides that:
Cultural and customary values which are consistent with fundamental rights and freedoms, human dignity, democracy and with the Constitution may be developed and incorporated in aspects of Ugandan life.
The State shall--
(a) promote and preserve those cultural values and practices which enhance the dignity and well-being of Ugandans;
(b) encourage the development, preservation and enrichment of all Ugandan languages;
(c) promote the development of a sign language for the deaf; and
(d) encourage the development of a national language or languages.
Chapter Four on Protection and promotion of fundamental and other human rights and freedoms, the Constitution of Uganda, 1995 in Article 29 on the Protection of freedom of conscience, expression, movement, religion, assembly and association provides that
(1) Every person shall have the right to--
(a) freedom of speech and expression which shall include freedom of the press and other media;
(b) freedom of thought, conscience and belief which shall include academic freedom in institutions of learning;
(c) freedom to practise any religion and manifest such practice which shall include the right to belong to and participate in the practices of any religious body or organisation in a manner consistent with this Constitution;
(d) freedom to assemble and to demonstrate together with others peacefully and unarmed and to petition; and
(e) freedom of association which shall include the freedom to form and join associations or unions, including trade unions and political and other civic organisations.
(2) Every Ugandan shall have the right--
(a) to move freely throughout Uganda and to reside and settle in any part of Uganda;
Article 37 on Right to culture and similar rights the Constitution provides that:
Every person has a right as applicable to belong to, enjoy, practise, profess, maintain and promote any culture, cultural institution, language, tradition, creed or religion in community with others.
In the implementation of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, the following results have been achieved:
1. The constitution is the basis for the implementation of the National Cultural policy 2006 which provides the framework for the development of the culture sector including planning at all levels of government.
2. Government has been able to ratify treaties and conventions and cooperation agreements in the field of culture to facilitate cultural development, capacity building and participation of Ugandans in bilateral and multilateral cultural programmes.
3. The constitution has been the basis for enactment, implementation and enforcement of cultural laws and policies such as the National Intellectual Property Policy 2018, the Restitution Act under which several cultural entities have received back their cultural assets from the Central government and facilitation of cultural leaders.