International Cooperation in the Design and Implementation of Cultural Policies

Ministry of Education and Culture
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy/Tourism and Creative Economy Agency
Décrivez les principales caractéristiques de la politique/mesure: 

Some examples of international cooperation that support the design and implementation of cultural policies in the past four years are:
1. International Forum for the Advancement of Culture (IFAC) 2019; and
2. Asia Content Business Summit (ACBS) Film Festival 2019.

IFAC 2019 is an international forum with people-to-people approach designed to strengthen global efforts to mainstream culture in all sectors of policy making with special emphasis on the impact of culture on well-being. The inaugural of IFAC 2019 was held in conjunction with the Indonesian National Cultural Week in October 2019. The forum was organized by the Directorate General of Culture, the Ministry of Education and Culture. The forum was a follow up to the 2016 World Culture Forum which resulted in 'Bali Declaration' which emphasized a comprehensive view in advancing the mainstreaming of culture globally.

Even though WCF was designed as a government-to-government forum with the main agenda of cultural mainstreaming through the process of designing bilateral policies, there was an increasing need to simultaneously take a more grassroots approach, from the community. It is in this regard that the IFAC 2019 was held to ensure that cultural mainstreaming is secured through collaborative works from cultural activists, scholars, artists and all cultural workers. Therefore, the higher the need arises for an international network based on people-to-people interaction which can spearhead a more organic agenda of cultural mainstreaming.

Meanwhile, Asia Content Business Summit (ACBS) Film Festival founded in 2008, became the first platform in the Asia Pacific region which promotes content and creative media industry and its development across Asian countries. ACBS has been fully promoting the development of media technology, film production financing projects, networking and cross border content distribution by inviting government representatives and industry experts to participate fully in this forum. Latest information and development in the music, film and TV content industry as well as animation and digital games were discussed in the series of conferences and seminars that have been held by ACBS for more than 10 years.

In general, international cooperation in the design and implementation of cultural policies is aimed at contributing to the realization of the following National Strategy for Culture (see Goal 1, Main Policies and Measures that Contain Strategies and Frameworks for the Development of the Integrated Cultural and Creative Economy Sector):
1. Provide space for the diversity of cultural expressions and encourage cultural interaction to strengthen the inclusiveness of culture (Agenda 1);
2. Develop and utilize cultural resources to strengthen the position of Indonesia internationally (Agenda 3); and
3. Strengthen the role of government as facilitator in the advancement of culture (Agenda 7).

Quels sont les résultats atteints jusqu’à présent grâce à la mise en œuvre de la politique/mesure ?: 

IFAC, held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 12 October 2019, resulted in the resolution titled "Jakarta Statement: A Framework for Action on Cultural Advancement". Participants of the forum encouraged UNESCO member states and the members of civil society worldwide to support the advancement of culture through various approaches. Among the various approaches discussed, the one most closely related to the 2005 Convention are 'Sharing History and Safeguarding Cultural Diversity'. Based on this approach, the participants of the forum:
1. recognize common challenges and complexities - such as climate change, migration, rapid population growth, food insecurity, land degradation, war, terror, conflict, and inequality - and affirm that culture and nature are complimentary, inseparable, and interdependent, which is vital to address these challenges. Thus, creating an enabling environment is imperative to protect the cultural and natural heritage to achieve sustainable development and well-being.
2. support every effort for cultural preservation, natural conservation and sustainable use, community participation, and the protection and promotion of the cultural diversity and natural ecosystem that contribute to their well-being, both in local and global context.

In witness thereof, the participants propose these following points as action plan for this approach:
1. Work together to recognize, nurture, and protect open access to the diversity of cultural expression, habitat and ecosystem as the fundamental right of humankind;
2. Work together to define the meaning and measurement of the contribution of cultural and natural heritage to well-being;
3. Identify, acknowledge and empower existing and new exchange platforms for inter-disciplinary and cross-cultural dialogue to promote natural and cultural heritage as humanizing factor and enrich the cultural diversity of the world; and
4. Encourage future discussion for a consensus of guidelines on the protection and promotion of cultural heritage and expression that support peace, humanity, and the sovereignty of each country.

In addition to the above mentioned approach, the participants of IFAC also discussed the following key approaches for the advancement of culture:
1. Harnessing big data for fostering cultural practices;
2. Designing festivals as methods for social change
3. Bringing the people back in for policy making in culture
4. Promoting culture-based economy in the era of industrial revolution 4.0; and
5. Realizing well-being for all: towards a universal basic right to happiness.

Partenaires engagés dans la mise en œuvre de la politique/mesure : 
La mise en œuvre de la politique/mesure a-t-elle été évaluée ?: 
Objectif(s) de la Convention 2005 de l'UNESCO
Domaines culturels
Arts numériques
Arts de la scène
Arts visuels