The National Education Policy 2010
Objectifs clefs de la mesure:
Bangladesh conforms fully to the Education for All (EFA) objectives, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and international declarations. Article 17 of the Bangladesh Constitution provides free of charge secondary education for all children between the ages of six and eighteen years. In the National Education Policy 2010 equal opportunities have been ensured for all the children including small ethnic groups. Primary education has been raised to Class-VIII which was previously Class-V. In the text books information of all small ethnic groups has been furnished so that Mainstream people can be aware of culture, food habit, dress etc of these groups.
Principale caractéristique de la mesure:
During 2007-2011, more primary schools have been setup in remote areas for the benefit of these children. The government provided all facilities for them to achieve 100% literacy rate. Measures have been taken for the underprivileged children so that they can be admitted to the schools with boarding facilities to continue their studies without any break. There is a provision to appoint teachers from ethnic groups and train them and introduce bilingual text books so that they can easily learn using their mother tongue. These children also have teaching on their own religions other than the four major religions of the country. Appropriate measures will be taken to provide them with scholarships so that they can go for higher education. To help them flourish in their creativity, all initiatives have been taken from the government. Total contribution of Bangladesh Government in this field was 1298744365.00 USD in the year 2011-12. The small ethnic group children are yet to get education/teaching in their own mother tongue. Besides, children living in remote areas cannot get access to schools as there are geographical difficulties. Moreover, numbers of families are so poor that they prefer their children to be day labourers or work in the fields with their parents for their livelihood. Due to the policy direction situation is gradually improving. It is seen that in 2006 the15+ literacy rate was 53.7 (source:http://www.bbs.gov.bd/PageSVRS_Rpt_4_10.aspx?page=%2fPageReportLists.aspx%3fPARENTKEY%3d102) according to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics . In latest literacy survey in 2010 the rate of 15-24 age group literacy rate increased to 78.58 (female-78.38, male-78, 81). (Source: The BangladeshLiteracySurvey,2010,http://www.bbs.gov.bd/WebTestApplication/userfiles/Image/Survey%20reports/Bangladesh%20Literacy%20Surver%202010f.pdf)