Mediation is not an exclusively African practice; it can also be found in Asia, Europe and in the United States of America. Throughout this study, it is important to keep three essential notions in mind. The first is the coupling of traditional mediation, which still has its roots in Beninese practices, with modern mediation, on two levels: through the Chamber of Commerce and Industry for business law, and through the regulations governing relations between the administration and the general public for the mediator of the Republic of Benin. The second important aspect of the study relates to mediation in France, which is ceasing to become just the preserve of the rich and transforming into a formal and effective procedure. The third feature relates to the option of binding mediation, where the making of a legal instrument is required in order for the mediation agreement to become operational. All that is required to enable conflicts to be resolved peacefully in Benin and France is the effective implementation of mediation in practical terms. Legally binding mediation can be used to resolve political conflicts between States, groups or communities of different ethnic backgrounds.